Electricity from Biomass Fired Plant

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[edit] Technology

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[edit] Usage

Lifetime Expectancy [years] (not specified)
Installed Capacity in the Netherlands [GW] (not specified)
Installed Capacity in Europe [GW] (not specified)

[edit] Safety and Environment

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link={{{link}}} See the Template:DES_Process template for an explanation on these metrics

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[edit] References and notes

reference notes linkworks
http://www.cbs.nl/NR/rdonlyres/F1ED185C-1DA7-4B70-9203-13AB6C895688/0/2010c89pub.pdf Electricity costs for Wood-fired plant


[edit] List of Biomass fired plants in the Netherlands

Plant wiki ProductionMWh IntensityKgMWh City year_built
Gelderland Powerplant http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elektriciteitscentrale_Gelderland 3,930,953.00 1,119.92 Nijmegen 1981-01-01T00:00:00Z
Maasvlakte Electrabel Powerplant http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrabel 0.0 0.0 Maasvlakte-I 2013-01-01T00:00:00Z

Information regarding 1st generation Biomass power plant, fed with wood pellets.

A list of 1st generation of biomass sources would include:

  • Rapeseed oil
  • Mais oil
  • Palm oil
  • Sugar beet
  • Sugar cane
  • Sugar palm
  • Cereal
  • Soya bean oil

The conversion technologies are all mainly about how to make them into biofuels. There are three classifications or species of biofuels, outlined below:  Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO)/Pure Plant Oil (PPO): SVP/PPO can be used in most modern diesel vehicle engines only after some technical modifications. Principally, the viscosity of the SVO/PPO must be reduced by preheating it. However, some diesel engines can run on SVO/PPO without modifications. PPO is obtained from edible oil-producing plants such as the African palm, groundnuts, cotton seeds, sunflower, canola, or non-edible oils such as jatropha, neem, or even balanites. These raw oils, unused or used, can be employed in certain diesel engines, for cooking, or in diesel generators for the production of electricity.

[edit] Biodiesel

Biodiesel can be used in pure form or may be blended with petroleum diesel at any concentration for use in most modern diesel engines. Biodiesel is raw vegetable oil transformed, treated, and standardized through chemical processes. The standardization of this product, and its industrial production, renders its use much more diverse than PPO. Biodiesel is used in diesel engines and diesel vehicles. Biodiesel can be produced from different feedstocks, such as oil feedstock (e.g., rapeseed, soybean oils, jatropha, palm oil, hemp, algae, canola, flax, and mustard), animal fats, and/or waste vegetable oil.

[edit] Alcohols

Ethanol, butanol, and methanol are produced principally from such energy crops as sugarcane, maize, beets, yam, or sweet sorghum. Ethanol is the most widely used alcohol, primarily as a fuel for transportation or as a fuel additive. Bioethanol can be produced from a variety of feedstocks, including sugarcane, corn, sugar beet, cassava, sweet sorghum, sunflower, potatoes, hemp, or cotton seeds, or derived from cellulose waste. Since we now know about biofuels, how are they synthesized from biomass? Well-known conversion processes include:

  • cold pressing,
  • extraction,
  • transesterification,
  • hydrolysis,
  • fermentation and
  • chemical synthesis.Form:DES_Process
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