Power Plant Term Definitions

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These are the definitions for the terms in use on Form:Powerplant (Example)

[edit] Fuel type

  • Biogas - Gas produced by processing biomass in an anaerobic digester
  • Biomass
  • Blast Furnace Gas - (BFG) not to be confused with Coke Oven Gas, associated with steel production.
  • Brown Coal - also known as lignite.
  • Coal - Generic term when specific type of coal is not known (such as Brown Coal or Hard Coal).
  • Coal Water Mixture - (CWM) also called Coal Water Fuels (CWF), a slurry of coal and water.
  • Coke Oven Gas - Gas produced by the process of making coke, associated with steel production.
  • Diesel Oil - Often used for generators in remote locations.
  • Fuel Oil - associated with power plants near refineries.
  • Gasoil - specific type of Fuel Oil.
  • Geothermal
  • Hard Coal - also known as anthracite.
  • Heavy Fuel Oil - more specific type of Fuel Oil, associated with power plants near refineries.
  • Hydro
  • Hydrogen
  • Landfill Gas - Methane recovered from landfills, not the same as Biogas
  • Municipal Solid Waste
  • Naphtha - associated with power plants near refineries.
  • Natural Gas
  • Nuclear
  • Ocean Thermal (OTEC) - Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion - The difference in temperature between water on the ocean surface and water much deeper below is used to drive a heat engine.
  • Oil - Generic term if no more information is known. Could refer to Diesel Oil, Fuel Oil, or Heavy Fuel Oil.
  • Peat
  • Petroleum Coke - associated with power plants near refineries.
  • Refuse Derived Fuel
  • Residual Fuel Oil - more specific type of Fuel Oil, associated with power plants near refineries.
  • Solar Radiation - includes both photovoltaic and concentrated solar power (CSP).
  • Tidal
  • Waste Heat - Involves the use of waste heat from industrial processes to produce electricity (example). Not very common.
  • Wave
  • Wind

[edit] Cooling method

  • air fan - no water cooling is employed
  • cooling tower
  • fresh water - source of water used in the cooling process.
  • sea water - source of water used in the cooling process.

[edit] Power plant use

  • electricity only - Heat output of the power plant is not used.
  • modern cogen - Typical large-scale industrial combined heat and power (CHP)
  • special cogen - A special configuration beyond that of a modern cogen. An example would be a power plant that produces a pure stream of CO2 for industrial purposes in addition to just electricity and heat.
  • waste to energy
  • horticulture - CHP is used within a greenhouse for heating and production of CO2. Some electricity may be sold to the grid.
  • urban heating - Power plant is used for heating within a city.
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